East Asian Biosphere Reserve Network (EABRN)
Established in response to the call to strengthened cooperation between UNESCO Member States of Asia Pacific in the implementation of the Action Plan for Biosphere Reserves and based on the successful collaboration experience of the Cooperative Scientific Study of East Asian Biosphere Reserves, the East Asian Biosphere Reserve Network (EABRN) was officially launched in 1995. The five founding members of the Network, i.e. China, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), Japan, Mongolia and the Republic of Korea (ROK), was later reinforced by a new member, the Russian Federation, in 1998. The EABRN Secretariat is based in the UNESCO Beijing Office since 2003.
EABRN is one of the regional networks supporting the UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme, with three priority themes for cooperation: eco-tourism, conservation policy, and trans-boundary conservation. EABRN facilitates information exchange between reserves and governing bodies, and conducts regular regional meetings on issues of common concern. It also serves as a mechanism to facilitate training and site-to-site cooperation.
EABRN has conducted eleven network meetings since 1994. The meetings, conducted through workshops, provided very good opportunities for the experts and BR managers to exchange their experiences in biological diversity conservation, particularly, the implementation of the Seville Strategy and the Statutory Framework of Biosphere Reserves. Particular subjects focused include ecotourism development, conservation policies and transboundary conservation cooperation. The results of cooperative scientific studies such as tourism management were presented at these meetings. The last meeting was held in November 2009 in Wuyishan, China. The 12th meeting is now scheduled to be held in ROK next year.
EABRN Network pays special attention to the capacity building of BR managers based on modern technologies and spatial tools. So far, three EABRN training courses on GIS applications to BR management were held in 2004, 2006 and 2009 and a new one is in plan for early 2011, in cooperation with Chinese Academy of Sciences.
A BR atlas, one each for China, DPRK, Mongolia and Japan were published to share the information of each member country and as promotion of the BR concept to the general public. The Secretariat will work with RO Korea and Russian Federation to complete the Atlas for both countries as the next phases.
Objectives of EABRN:
- To share BR management experience, including zoning, biodiversity conservation, and socio-economic development experience.
- To exchange information on the major functions of BRs in member countries.
- To promote cooperative research on biodiversity conservation and socio-economic development in and around BR.
- To strengthen cooperation between EABRN and member countries, and encourage international and regional cooperation with other Networks (EuroMAB, SeaBRnet, etc) and IUCN.
Activities of EABRN:
- Regularly organize EABRN meetings combined with field evaluations of Biosphere Reserves by members and experts attending EABRN Meetings
- Carry out small-scale research projects, cooperative scientific studies in East Asia and publication of books and a Biosphere Reserve Atlas
- Regular regional capacity building training courses
- 1st Meeting - Cooperative Scientific Study of East Asian Biosphere Reserves-March 1994, Beijing-Wolong BR, China
- 2nd Meeting - Cooperative Scientific Study of East Asian Biosphere Reserves-Tourism Management of BRs in East Asia-August 1994, Changbaishan BR, China
- 3rd Meeting - Cooperative Scientific Study of East Asian Biosphere Reserves – Regional Workshop for the Establishment of East Asian Biosphere Reserve Network – May/June 1995, Seoul and Mt Sorak BR, RO Korea
- 4th EABRN Meeting – Logistic Functions of Biosphere Reserves – October 1996, Kagushima and Yakushima Island BR, Japan
- 5th EABRN Meeting – Ecotourism Development and Transborder Conservation Cooperation in Asian BRs – August 1997, Ulaanbaatar and Bogd Khan BRs, Mongolia
- 6th EABRN Meeting – Ecotourism and Conservation policy in BRs and other Similar Conservation Areas – September 1999, Jiuzhaigou BR, China
- 7th EABRN Meeting - Capacity Building for Sustainable Management of East Asian BRs-September 2001, Vladivostock and Sikhote-Alinsky Biosphere Reserve, Russian Federation.
- 8th EABRN Meeting - Ecotourism Development in BRs and Transboundary Conservation Cooperation – August 2003, Hustai Nuuru BR, Mongolia - Report Download
- 9th EABRN Meeting – Conservation and Sustainable Use of Insular BRs – Aug/Sep 2005, Jeju Island BR, RO Korea
- 10th EABRN Meeting – Protection of Sacred Natural Sites: Importance for Biodiversity Conservation – September 2007, Terelj, Bogd Khan BR, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia - Report Download
- 11th EABRN Meeting: Wuyishan Biosphere Reserve / World Heritage, Fujian Province special focus on: “Implementation of MAB’s Seville Strategy and Madrid Action Plan in Biosphere Reserves” during 10-15 November 2009 - Report Download
Cooperative Scientific and Small Scale Projects:
- 1996-1997: Biodiversity and Ecotourism in the Changbaishan BRs – Carried out by the Chinese MAB National Committee and RO Korea MAB Committee
- 1998-2000 (Second Phase): Identification and Assessment of Gaps in Present Conservation Policies and related Legal Instruments - Research team lead by RO Korea MAB and participated in by each member country
- 2001: Protection and Sustainable Management of the Mt. Kuwol Natural Park and its Adjacent Areas – Research lead by MAB DPR Korea
- 2001: Study on the development of Biodiversity Conservation Strategy for the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) between DPR Korea and RO Korea – Team lead by RO Korea MAB Committee
- 2002: Management of Degraded Ecosystem in Xilingol Biosphere Reserve – Team lead by the Chinese MAB National Committee
- 2002: Red Data Book of DPR Korea (Animal) – carried out by MAB DPR Korea
- 2002: Wetland (Waterfowl Habitat) and its Conservation in DPRK Korea – carried out by MAB DPR Korea
- 2002: Biodiversity of Mt. Kumgang DPR Korea – carried out by MAB DPR Korea
- 2003: Direction of protection and sustainable use of the proposed Mt. Kuwol BR – carried out by DPR Korea National Commission for UNESCO
- 2003: Biodiversity of Mt. Kumgang (including a multimedia CD-ROM) - carried out by DPR Korea National Commission for UNESCO
- 2003: Brochure of China BR Network over ten years – carried out by Chinese MAB Committee
- 2004: Red Data Book of DPR Korea (Plant)- carried out by MAB DPR Korea
- 2004: Review of EABRN activities from 1999-2004 and Development of Medium Term Strategy for the EABRN – Evaluation carried out by Prof. Kim Kwi-gon of Seoul National University, RO Korea
- 2005: Development and publication of data book Nature Protected Areas in DPR Korea, and the improvement of their management capacity – carried out by MAB DPR Korea
- 2006: Development and Publication of EABRN BR Atlas for China – Carried out by Chinese MAB National Committee
- 2007: Development and publication of EABRN BR Atlas for Mongolia – Carried out by Mongolian MAB Committee
- 2007: Biosphere Reserve Directory for EABRN
- 2007: Development of public awareness materials for the conservation and its sustainable development of Mt. Kuwol BR DPR Korea and its dissemination – Carried out by MAB DPR Korea